Symposium C-1: Mechanics of Biological and Bioinspired Materials

(Mechanics of Biological and Soft Materials)

Symposium Organizer:

Wenjie Xia, Northwestern University

Sinan Keten, Northwestern University

Symposium Technical Description

This symposium will focus on multiscale mechanics in biomolecular materials as found in natural and living systems as well as engineered materials. The subject materials can be materials with biological origin (bacterial and plant based materials, extracellular matrix, nucleic acids, cell and subcellular components, as well as synthetic macromolecules that aim to mimic biological structure and functionality.

Topics range from experimental approaches, theoretical and computational modeling, as well as new tools for characterization and design of biomolecular materials. The symposium aims to bring together researchers investigating various aspects of multiscale mechanics of materials for application in science and engineering.  Relevant topics include and are not limited to:

  • Multiscale experiments, simulation and theory with a particular focus on predictive and materials-by-design approaches for the mechanics of biomolecular materials.
  • Synthesis, characterization and modeling of hybrid materials that incorporate biological building blocks into engineered materials with mechanical functions
  • Fundamental investigations relevant to self-assembly, folding, micro- and nano-structure prediction in biological applications
  • Nanoscale physics of interfaces in biology and engineered systems
  • Development of experimental tools and computational methods for modeling, imaging, and mechanical characterization of biomolecular materials.
  • Bioinspiration approaches with mechanics-based design principles

 Technical Program

Tuesday | T1 10:00am-11:40am

C1-1: Mechanics of Biological and Bioinspired Materials
Room 1301 Session Chair: Sinan Keten Track C: Mechanics of Biological and Soft Materials
10:20 am Mechanics of composite pillars for tunable and enhance adhesion

Helen Keays Minsky, Kevin Turner

10:40 am Bio-inspired Al/NiTi laminated composites

Frederick Michael Heim, Yunya Zhang, Xiaodong Li

11:00 am Tough and strong bioinspired composites: a coarse-grain molecular study

Ning Liu, Xianqiao Wang

11:20 am Computational material designs for water filtration

Zhao Qin, Shengjie Ling, David Kaplan, Markus Buehler

Tuesday | T2 13:00pm-14:40pm

C1-2: Mechanics of Biological and Bioinspired Materials
Room 1301 Session Chair: Sinan Keten Track C: Mechanics of Biological and Soft Materials
13:00 pm De novo materials design – computation, synthesis, characterization

Markus J. Buehler

13:20 pm Designing multi-layer graphene-based assemblies for enhanced toughness in nacre-inspired nanocomposites

Wenjie Xia, Zhaoxu Meng, Sinan Keten

13:40 pm In situ fracture experiments reveal anisotropic effects of nanoscale toughening mechanisms in bone

Ottman Tertuliano, Julia R. Greer

14:00 pm Examining mechanical properties of the cellulose nanocrystal-polymer interphase through nanoscale experiments and modeling

Ridvan Kahraman, Pavan V Kolluru, Robert A Sinko, Douglas M Fox, Sinan Keten, L. Catherine Brinson

14:20 pm Adhesion enhanced by octopus-Inspired micro-surface craters

Shutao Qiao, Liu Wang, Greg Rodin, Nanshu Lu

Tuesday | T3 15:00pm-16:40pm

C1-3: Mechanics of Biological and Bioinspired Materials
Room 1301 Session Chair: Sinan Keten Track C: Mechanics of Biological and Soft Materials
15:00 pm Creep-assisted slow crack growth in bio-inspired dental multilayers

Jing Du, Xinrui Niu, Wole Soboyejo

15:20 pm Multi-objective optimization of nacre-like materials

Nasra Said Al-Maskari

15:40 pm Unfolding fibers and scaled controlled stiffening: molecular tricks at the macroscale

Steve Cranford

16:00 pm Self-folding behavior of smart biopolymers in detection of phenol

Amrita Rath, Santhosh Mathesan, Pijush Ghosh

16:20 pm A fluctuating elastic plate for lipid membranes

Xiaojun Liang

Wednesday | W1 10:00am-11:40am

C1-4: Mechanics of Biological and Bioinspired Materials
Room 7 Session Chair:  Sinan Keten Track C: Mechanics of Biological and Soft Materials
10:00 am Nanotwin-governed toughening mechanism in hierarchically structured biological materials

Sheng Yin

10:20 am A Finite Element Homogenization Method for Viscoelastic Brain Matter

Daniel Sullivan, Assimina Pelegri


10:40 am Naturally-occurring impact resistant protective systems

David Restrepo, Nicholas Yaraghi, Jesus Rivera, David Kisailus, Pablo Zavattieri

11:00 am Mechanical modeling of a pomelo peel bioinspired foam

Jonel Aaron Ortiz

11:20 am Cohesive finite element modeling of damage growth in mineralized collagen fibril

Mohammad Maghsoudi-ganjeh, Liqiang Lin, Xiaowei Zeng, Xiaodu Wang